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 УЧРЕДИТЕЛИ:
Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки
"Институт токсикологии Федерального медико-биологического агентства"
(ФГБУН ИТ ФМБА России)

Институт теоретической и экспериментальной биофизики Российской академии наук.

ООО "ИЦ КОМКОН".




Адрес редакции и реквизиты

199406, Санкт-Петербург, ул.Гаванская, д. 49, корп.2

ISSN 1999-6314

Российская поисковая система
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«
Vol. 16, Art. 74 (pp. 809-825)    |    2015       
»

Evaluation of the dexamethasone biodegradable implant efficacy in treatment of the retinal vein occlusion induced by photodynamic therapy on a rabbit model.
Yu. A. Belyy1, A.A. Temnov2, S.V. Novikov3 , S.V. Кolesnik4, A.I. Kolesnik4

1The Kaluga branch of the S.N. Fyodorov Federal State Institution
2N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine of Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow
3The Research Experimental Production of Eye Microsurgery, Moscow
4The S.N. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Moscow



Brief summary

Thrombosis of central retinal vein (CRV) occurs acutely, usually sided with the formation of thrombotic masses in the lumen of the trunk and branches of CRV. It is characterized by severe disturbances of visual functions, until the development of blindness. One of the major reasons for the decline of a macular edema (ME) due to increased permeability of the blood-retinal barrier. One of the effective methods for treating MO is the drug administration into the vitreous using biodegradable implants. However, the question remains the development and improvement of drug delivery to the posterior segment of the structures of the eyeball with effective bioresorbable devices. Objective: To evaluate the performance of the implant, saturated with dexamethasone, as a drug container on а model of photoinduced thrombosis of central retinal vein in rabbits. The implant is multilayered tubular device length of 4.0 mm and a diameter of 0.3 mm. Each layer has a thickness of 10 microns. The implant has a rich dexamethasone 8 layers, that alternate with 7 unsaturated layers. The effectiveness of the implant containing dexamethasone was evaluated on the developed photo-induced pathophysiological model of thrombosis of CRV branches in 10 adult rabbits. Animals were divided into two equal groups. The rabbits in Group 1 were injected into vitreous cavity of the implant with dexamethasone at a dose of 300 mg; in the 2nd - did intravitreal injection of 0.1 ml of 0.4% dexamethasone (400 mg). Within 14 days the eyes of rabbits was examined by ophthalmoscopy, photographic images of the eye, optical coherence tomography and ERG. Dynamics of a clinical symptoms reduction of thrombosis after the implant administration was more significant than after a single dexamethasone injection.


Key words

thrombosis, macular edema, implant, dexamethasone, pathophysiology experimental model





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