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199406, —анкт-ѕетербург, ул.√аванска€, д. 49, корп.2

ISSN 1999-6314

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Vol. 14, Art. 68 (pp. 861-879)    |    2013       

Antiphospholipid syndrome
Koloskov A.V., 1,2,3 Philippova O.I., 1,2 Stolitsa A.A., 3 Bessmeltsev S.S. 4

SBIHE ЂNord-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnicovї under the Ministry of Public Health and Social Affairs of Russian Federation, St.Petersburg, Russia
2 City Hospital є 26, St.Petersburg, Russia
3 FSBI ЂAlmazov federal heart, blood and endocrinology centerї
Federal specialized perinatal center, St.Petersburg, Russia
4 FSBI ЂRussian Research Institute of Hematology and Transfusiology of FMBA Russiaї, St.Petersburg, Russia

Brief summary

Antiphospholipid syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease associated with thrombosis and/or recurrent fetal loss in the setting of detectable antiphospholipid antibodies. The major antigenic target has been identifed as β2-glycoprotein I, which mediates binding of antiphospholipid antibodies to target cells including endothelial cells, monocytes, platelets and trophoblasts, leading to prothrombotic and proinfammatory changes that ultimately result in thrombosis and/or fetal loss. Since the establishment of the international preliminary classification and diagnostic criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome in 1999 was a considerable amount of work in the field of basic research, which provided new information. Clinical criteria of antiphospholipid syndrome were revised in Sydney in 2006. The mere presence of antiphospholipid antibodies does not mean the development of antiphospholipid syndrome in a patient. For the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome requires the combination of at least one and one clinical laboratory test. Sydney criteria do not recommend using the term "secondary antiphospholipid syndrome." The studies failed to find differences in the clinical effects of the action of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with primary and secondary antiphospholipid syndrome.

Key words

antiphospholipid syndrome, β2-glycoprotein I, clinical criteria

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