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 УЧРЕДИТЕЛИ:
Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки
"Институт токсикологии Федерального медико-биологического агентства"
(ФГБУН ИТ ФМБА России)

Институт теоретической и экспериментальной биофизики Российской академии наук.

ООО "ИЦ КОМКОН".




Адрес редакции и реквизиты

199406, Санкт-Петербург, ул.Гаванская, д. 49, корп.2

ISSN 1999-6314

Российская поисковая система
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«
Vol. 13, Art. 29 (pp. 359-371)    |    2012       
»

Reactive thrombocytosis
Koloskov A.V. 1,2, Saparkina M.B. 2, Philippova O.I. 1, Stolitsa A.A. 2

1City Hospital № 26, St.Petersburg, Russia
2Almazov federal heart, blood and endocrinology centre
Federal specialized perinatal center, St.Petersburg, Russia



Brief summary

Thrombocytosis is usually unexpected laboratory findings in the analysis of peripheral blood. The most common reason for the increase in platelet count in peripheral blood is a reactive or secondary process. The share of primary thrombocytosis caused by clonal proliferation in the bone marrow, accounts for about 10% of cases. Reactive (secondary) thrombocytosis observed in situations that can cause acute and transient increase in the number of platelets (trauma, major surgery, severe bleeding) or a more sustained thrombocytosis (iron deficiency, chronic infection, chronic inflammatory disease, neoplasia). This review presents the results of studies demonstrating the role of IL-6 in the development of thrombocytosis in patients with infectious and inflammatory diseases, and solid tumors. In patients with iron deficiency anemia the causes of thrombocytosis may be: 1) increased rate of influx of precursor cells into the megakaryocyte compartment with an increased rate of efflux; 2) shortening of megakaryocyte maturation; 3) stem-cell shunt due to inhibition of erythropoiesis, resulting in increased production of other pluripotent cells (hemostatic compensatory mechanism); 4) stimulator effect of transferrin on megakaryopoiesis; and 5) inhibition of iron on megakaryocyte maturation. Mechanisms of reactive thrombocytosis in patients with iron deficiency anemia are unclear.


Key words

thrombocytosis, megakaryocytopoiesis, thrombocytopoiesis, thrombopoietin, interleukin - 6





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