History of electroencephalography: russian overture of world symphony (on the centenary of works v.v. prawditz-neminsky)
Russian Research Neurosurgical Institute. Professor A.L. Polenov
Traditionally, the history of electroencephalography is leaded since 1929., when a German psychiatrist Hans Berger published his work with the results of the registration of the aggregate of the electrical activity of the brain in humans. However, as in any process of scientific research, the work of Berger had their origins. Exactly one hundred years ago - in 1912. - the two Russian neurophysiologist were made so fundamental research, that without them, the work of Berger, perhaps, and did not take place would. Firstly, this experimental work V.V. Prawditz-Neminsky, which was first registered the total activity of the brain with an intact skin of the head. Secondly, in 1912. P. J. Kaufman under the leadership of V.M. Bechterev have completed the study, finally proved that «brain waves» generated by the changes of the functional activity of the brain, and are not an artifact. The impact of these studies, published in including in the germany, noted himself Hans Berger. So the electroencephalography has strong «russian roots».
electroencephalography, neurophysiology, electrophysiology, somnology, the history of medicine.
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