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199406, Санкт-Петербург, ул.Гаванская, д. 49, корп.2

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ТОМ 14, СТ. 66 (стр. 819-844)   |   5 сентября 2013 г.   
»

Клиническая медицина » Терапия » Гематология

Роль генетического полиморфизма компонентов плазменного звена гемостаза в патогенезе венозного тромбоэмболизма (обзор литературы)
Демьяненко А.В.1, Капустин С.И.2, Сорока В.В.1, Чечулов П.В.1

1Научно-исследовательский институт скорой помощи им. И.И. Джанелидзе, Санкт-Петербург, Россия
2Российский научно-исследовательский институт гематологии и трансфузиологии, Санкт-Петербург, Россия



Резюме

Тромбоз глубоких вен (ТГВ) и тромбоэмболия легочной артерии (ТЭЛА) остаются серьезной проблемой здравоохранения с ежегодной частотой 1 на 1000 случаев. Венозный тромбоэмболизм (ВТЭ) - это типичное многофакторное заболевание, в основе которого лежит наследственная предрасположенность, или тромбофилия. На сегодняшний день к наследственным тромбофилиям относят дефицит естественных антикоагулянтов (ЕА) – антитромбина III, протеинов C и S, а также мутации в генах факторов V Leiden и протромбин G20210A. Однако анализ симптоматических семей и пациентов с идиопатическим ВТЭ не выявляет данные нарушения более чем в 50% случаях, что свидетельствует о причастности других наследственных факторов к патогенезу заболевания. Цель настоящего обзора – синтезировать и представить накопленные в литературе данные о роли генетического полиморфизма компонентов плазменного звена гемостаза в патогенезе ВТЭ. В качестве материалов были использованы более 50 оригинальных и обзорных научных статей, мета-анализов, посвященных данной проблеме, отечественных и зарубежных авторов, цитируемых в базах данных Medline, PubMed.


Ключевые слова

венозный тромбоз, фактор риска, наследственная тромбофилия





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